Pin-tailed snipe (25–27 cm) Gallinago stenura

The pin-tailed snipe or pintail snipe (Gallinago stenura) is a species of bird in the family Scolopacidae, the sandpipers. It breeds in northern Russia and migrates to spend the non-breeding season in southern Asia from Pakistan to Indonesia. It is the most common migrant snipe in southern IndiaSri Lanka and much of Southeast Asia. It is a vagrant to north-western and northern Australia, and to Kenya in East Africa.  These birds forage in mud or soft soil, probing or picking up food by sight. They mainly eat insects and earthworms, but also some plant material.

Lesser frigatebird (Fregata ariel) 75 cm

A seabird of the frigatebird family Fregatidae,  it is the smallest species of frigatebird. It occurs over tropical and subtropical waters across the Indian and Pacific Oceans as well as off the Atlantic coast of Brazil. The lesser frigatebird is a lightly built seabird with brownish-black plumage, long narrow wings and a deeply forked tail. The male has a striking red gular sac which it inflates to attract a mate. Breeding seems to occur between May and December, and it is a rare sightings of this aves around Labuan Island.

Sanderling (Calidris alba) 18–20 cm

The sanderling (Calidris alba) is a small wading bird. It is a circumpolar Arctic breeder, and is a long-distance migrant, wintering south to South America, South EuropeAfrica, and Australia. It is highly gregarious in winter, sometimes forming large flocks on coastal mudflats or sandy beaches. This bird is similar in size to a dunlin, but stouter, with a thick bill. The best spot to see this aves is at the Sg. Lada Shoal or Nagalang shore

***Sanderling breeding range. Black border marks southern limit.

Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus)

The red-necked phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) is a small wader. This phalarope breeds in the Arctic regions of North America and Eurasia. It is migratory, and, unusually for a wader, winters at sea on tropical oceans. The red-necked phalarope was one of the many bird species originally described by Linnaeus in the landmark 1758 10th edition of his Systema Naturae, where it was given the binomial name of Tringa lobata. It has also been known as the northern phalarope. The red-necked phalarope is about 18 cm (7.1 in) in length, with lobed toes and a straight, fine bill. In Labuan Island the best area to see this aves is at the Nagalang shore or the Sg. lada Wetland.Waterbirds Labuan Feb-5.tif(1)

Rufous-tailed Tailorbird (Orthotomus sericeus) – 12cm

     Is a species of bird formerly placed in the “Old World warbler” assemblage, it but now placed in the family Cisticolidae. It is found in offshore island like Labuan. Its natural habitatsare subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests. Ashy Tailorbird

Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus) – 19cm

    A bird in the shrike family that is found mainly in Asia. Like most other shrikes, it has a distinctive black “bandit-mask” through the eye and is found mainly in open scrub habitats, where it perches on the tops of thorny bushes in search of prey. Several populations of this widespread species form distinctive subspecies which breed in temperate Asia and migrate to their winter quarters in tropical Asia include Labuan Island at the westcoast of North Borneo. They are sometimes found as vagrants in Europe and North America.Brown Shrike

Dark-sided Flycatcher (Muscicapa sibirica) – 14cm

    A small passerine birdbelonging to the genus Muscicapa in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae. It has a wide distribution in Asia with northern birds migrating south for the winter. The upperparts are plain and dark grey-brown apart from a pale wingbar and pale edging to the tertial feathers. The breast and flanks have a variable amount of streaky dark grey-brown. This is unlike the similar Asian brown flycatcher which has rather plain pale underparts and the grey-streaked flycatcher which is white below with distinct grey streaks. The subspecies M. s. sibirica breeds in south-east Siberia westward to beyond Lake Baikal as well as in Mongolia, north-east China, North Korea and Japan (Hokkaidō and northern Honshū). M. s. rothschildi breeds in western China and Myanmar. M. s. gulmergi occurs from Afghanistan to Kashmir with M. s. cacabata from the eastern Himalayas to south-east Tibet and perhaps Myanmar.The wintering range includes north-east India, Bangladesh, southern China, Taiwan and South-east Asia as far as Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Philippines (Palawan and Culion) and to the westcoast of North Borneo including Labuan Island. Vagrant birds have been recorded in Alaska, Iceland and Bermuda. It inhabits coniferous and mixed forest and woodland and is sometimes seen in plantations, parks and gardens. It typically occurs in mountainous regions, reaching 4000 metres above sea-level in some areas. Like other flycatchers, its feeding technique is to perch on an exposed branch and wait. When an insect flies past, the bird dashes out to snatch it. – based on a Wikipedia article. -8509.tif

The Flycatcher family

    The Asian brown flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica) is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family Muscicapidae.  It is migratory and winters in tropical southern Asia from southern India and Sri Lanka east to Borneo and Labuan Island. This species is 13 cm (5.1 in) long, including the cocked tail. It is similar in shape to the larger spotted flycatcher, but is relatively longer-tailed. The dark bill is relatively large and broad-based. The adult has grey-brown upperparts, which become greyer as the plumage ages, and whitish underparts with brown-tinged flanks. Young birds have scaly brown upperparts, head and breast. The Asian brown flycatcher is an extremely rare vagrant to Western Europe. Records have come from Britain, Denmark, and Sweden, and in addition, there are unproven claims from Ireland, Faeroe, and Norway.

Asian Brown Flycatcher.CR2Asian Brown Flycather #1.tif

Leaf warbler

    The Arctic warbler (Phylloscopus borealis) – 13cm is a widespread leaf warbler in birchor mixed birch forest near water throughout its breeding range in Fennoscandiaand northern Asia. It has established a foothold in North America, breeding in Alaska. This warbler is strongly migratory; the entire population winters in southeast Asia. It therefore has one of the longest migrations of any Old World insectivorous bird.

It traditionally included populations that breed in Kamchatka, the Kuril Islandsand Japan, but genetic and vocal evidence strongly suggested these should be treated as separate species, and are all now considered distinct with the Kamchatka leaf warbler in Kamchatka, Hokkaido and the Kuril Islands, and the Japanese leaf warbler in Japan (except Hokkaido).

The nest is on the ground in a low shrub. Like most Old World warblers, this small passerine is insectivorous. In Labuan Island this leaf warbler may be spotted during their wintering migration season around September till April the next year.

Artic Warbler.CR2

Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus) – 15 cm

     Is a small passerine bird in the pipit and wagtail family. It is a resident (non-migratory) breeder in open scrub, grassland and cultivation in Labuan Island, the best place to see this aves. Although among the few breeding pipits in the Asian region, identification becomes difficult in winter when several other species migrate into the region. The taxonomy of the species is complex and has undergone considerable changes.  -2909.tif